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Athens - A Few Words about its History

Athens - A Few Words about its History

The chronicle will take you from the Neolithic period, where according to the archeological findings it is estimated that the first organizing attempts of the city were made, at Pelasgus, by the first habitants which on 1400B.C. began fortifying Acropolis mountain with walls, to the age of Copper and 800B.C, when the final union of Athens into an integrated country took place, and there, for the first time, we find the Panathinaia, the leading fest of Athens in honor of god Athina. The “journey” continues with reference to the last king of Athens, Kodro (1068 BC), according to the valuable information of one of the most significant philosophers of all times, Aristotle, moves on to the four tribes the Athenian population was divided into in the 8th-7th century and to 636 B.C., when Cylon, taking advantage of the farmers disappointment, unsuccessfully tried to take over the tyranny with a coop, the wellknown “Cylonian Agos”. In 624 B.C. you will precisely understand what the legislation of Draconta consists of, in 594 B.C. how the opposing parties of the inhabitants and the wealthy of the time, commonly chose Solon to govern, the tyranny of Pisistratos in the mid 6th century B.C., the assassination of Hipparxos in 514 B.C., the significant alterations made by Klisthenis in 508 B.C. which build the grounds for The Athenian Democracy. The Chronicle describes the memory of the Persian king, in 500 B.C., when Athens sent help to the rebelling cities of Ionia. The Athenian courage in the battles of Marathon in 490 B.C. and in Artemisio in 480 B.C., the appearance of the leading role of Athens in 478 B.C., the wellknown victory of Eurimedonda that contributed to the liberation of all the greek cities from the Persian domination. The “gold century” of the Athenian Democracy unfolds before you in the 5th century B.C., a while after Periklis (490-429 B.C.) took charge of the Democratic Party and the First Peloponnesian War came to an end. Then the Acropolis monuments were built.An era in which, if you lived you would get the chance to meet Socrates, the Sophists, and the three great men, for whom you crowd together at the cashier office of the Athens Festival every summer, as well as the Ancient theatre in Epidavros in order to enjoy one of their plays. The Chronicle continues with the conclusion of the unique spiritual and artistic flourish of Athens, because of the Second Peloponnesian War (431-421B.C. and 416-404B.C.), the humiliating Athenian defeat in Sicily by the Lakedemonians, the prosperous period of the Macedonian Dynasty, the Russian domination, during which upon Adriano (117-138B.C.) the temple of Olympian Zeus was completed, the currently preserved aquarium was constructed and the Library was built. An important halt is the year 53B.C., when Apostle Paul educated Christan norms to the Areio Pago, before Stoic and Epicurean philosophers, 396B.C. was a terrible period as Athens fell into the hands of Gothic intruders. The uprising of Ioustiniano (482-565) to the empire throne played an important role in the avoidance of the ancient Greek world, but also from the era of the Emperor Hrakleio (574-640) a long period of obscurity and predatory attacks began for Athens. In 1204 the Crusades entered the Acropolis fort. The Frank occupation was maintained up until 1308, while the Catalanic Company up until 1387. Following Constantinople’s fortune, Athens was occupied in 1456. The era of the Turkish occupation is described in 14 journeys. In the beginning of the 19th century the Chronicle reminds us that in 1800 when Lord Elgin situated himself as an ambassador in Constantinople, invoking on the disasters of the ancient Athenian monuments, violently took away parts of the interior decoration of the temples on the Acropolis Mountain. In 1834 we see how Athens is declared to be the capital of Greece, by an order from the Regency and a year after the first public elections took place which resulted in Anargyro Petrakis being elected as mayor. In 1843 we discover the secrete councils in the house of a significant Greek, Makrigiannis, the great civil and Athenian guard revolution, which lead to the grant of a Constitution. In 1862 we observe the abolishment of Othons kingdom. A year later, we see his succession by George the First. In 1882 and for 15 following years we observe the domination of the leading personality of Harilaos Trikoupis. In 1896 we detect the revival of the Olympic Games in Athens. In the period of 1899-1908 we see the developments made in Athens by the Athenian Mayor Spyros Merkouris. Information on the activities of the greatest political personality of the 20th century Eleutherios Venizelos, whose project, outstanding accomplishments in our national completion and internal achievements as a country, are visible, as the light that surrounds us and are included in the specifics of the modern period. We move on to the period of the internal war, where an English Company resumed the activity of producing electric energy in the entire capital area. The telephones that operated through a phone center were replaced by automatic telephones. In 1928 the first political airport was created in the Delta Falirou area and the airport in the Hellinikon area was founded in 1934. You can also see the dictatorship imposition in 1936 by Ioannis Metaxas, the Second World War, the period of occupation and the political journey that lead to the “Decembriana” and the Varkiza agreemen, the dictatorship of April 21st 1967, the student and civil riot in 1973, the meta-political era up until September 6th 1997, when the International Olympic Games Committee entrusted the Olympic Games of 2004 to Athens.


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Routes in Argolida - 1st Path

Routes in Argolida - 1st Path

Spiliotaki, sixteen km away from Argos City is a flat area with pastures, fertile hills and fields, cultivated with citrus and apricot trees. Situated next to the railway line, it is a wonderful 'balcony' on the cove of the Argolic Golf.


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Grevena Prefecture

Grevena Prefecture

The prefecture of Grevena is in the region of Western Macedonia with capital the city called Grevena. It borders with the prefecture of Ioannina to the west, the prefecture of Kastoria in the northwest, with the prefecture of Kozani in the north, the prefecture of Larissa in the southeast with the prefecture of Trikala in the south.The population of the prefecture of Grevena is about 38000 inhabitants and the distance from Athens is 400 km and from Thessaloniki is 163 km. Much of the county is a mountainous surrounded by mountains to the west Lygkos, Chasia in the southwest and northeast Vourinos. The longest river in the country, Aliakmonas passes through the county and specifically the central and northeastern part of the county. The local economy is based mainly on agriculture. Livestock is also developed. Equally important is the contribution of rural tourism and ecotourism and the timber industry. The ski resort of Vasilitsa gathers every year thousands of visitors and is a lifeline for the local economy.


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Syros, an ideal place

Syros, an ideal place

The seafaring town! A significant presence in the Aegean. Ermoupoli was born and forged in the flames of the National Revolution of 1821 from refugees who fled Chios, Psara, Kydonia, Kassos, etc., when extensive massacres were perpetrated by the Turks. The Aegean was shocked with the cries of uprooted people looking for a new home. And then, the best shelter was found. Syros! It was the ideal place.The island had nοt been touched by war. It was free and protected by a great European power, France. The first refugees were dirt poor and dressed in rags, but they were rich in experience and knowledge. Very soon, alreadγ ίn the years of Capodistria, the first Governor of Greece, the new town begins a peaceful and productive revolution that will lead it to prosperity. The town was dedicated to Hermes, the god of gainful commerce. Ιη the 19th century the town became the most important commercial and shipping centre of liberated Greece. "Ιn Ermoupolis, Greece was reborn..." Eleftherios Venizelos once said. The economic prosperity of Ermoupoli was accompanied by social evolution and cultural flowering. In the city of Kerdood and Scholarly Hermes as well, a genuine Greek urban class was created for the first time. It generated a lively social and literary activity. Cultural centres, theatres, concert halls, clubs, charitable institutions, printing shops, libraries and a particularly diverse press pushed Ermoupolis forward. The town's name went beyond the boundaries of the Aegean and was heard in the salons of Europe. The radiance of the city's wealth and spirit created the first tourist flow towards Greece.


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Serres, a place of challenge, full of contrasts

Serres, a place of challenge, full of contrasts

Serres prefecture is historically rich, starting in mythological times. Through a course of many centuries, that count the following periods; Ancient, Hellenistic, Romaic, Byzantine, Turkish Domination, the Revolution of 1821, Macedonian War, Balkan Wars, World War I & II, Serres constitute the heart of economic, cultural, tourist development of our country, as well as the route of Greece to the northern and eastern countries of Europe.In the prefecture of Serres there are 350 cultural, educational, traditional - folklore, sport clubs with an important cultural presence and work. The railway station is picturesquely preserved to remind the older people of earlier times. It is a beautiful city that combines picturesqueness with the not so noisy surroundings of larger cities. The central square, "Eleftherias", with its fountain, the green, the sidewalks and the many cafes all around, is a meeting place for the inhabitants of Serres. The pride of the city are: the Acropolis (its highest point), the valley of Agioi Anargiroi, Agios Ioannis, the swimming pool, the sports facilities and many other places. The history of the city is many centuries old. It becomes known in history for the first time at the beginning of the 5th century BC and it is mentioned by Herodotus. The cultural life of the city is enriched by the District Public Theater, which offers classical and modern performances with the participation of well-known actors, thus satisfying the theater loving audience in the city of Serres. The nightlife of the city of Serres is quite rich. The young can entertain themselves in many nightclubs, discos, etc. The shopping area of the city is famous for its finely decorated and full shops. Many foreign tourists from the neighboring countries of Eastern Europe often visit Serres to do their shopping. Among the special things that one can buy in Serres is the famous all over Greece "akanes", a traditional kind of Turkish delight, which is made only in Serres since 1927.


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Ski Centre of Karpenisi

Ski Centre of Karpenisi

Roughly 11 km outside from the city of Karpenisi, is found the completely organized and exceptional ski center in Velouhi. More concretely the ski center is found in the plateau Diavolotopos, in altitude 1.800 m. Ski period begins in December and in ideal conditions lasts until May. Thus you can pass endless beautiful hours having fun but also relaxing. The high altitude maintains the snow in very good situation offering the visitors a harmonious picture of nature. The Velouhi Ski Center allocates first category chalet and bar of luxury for those who wish to relax, while for the friends of ski there is a shop for buying ski equipment and shop of renting of modern equipment ski.More concretely there exist for the service and the safety of visitors:· 5 lifts with possibility of service of 5000 individuals the hour· 3 graters· 4 snowmobiles and· 2 vehicles for snow making to slopes.Also, the center allocates 10 floors that oscillate from 1.800 up to 2.040m. The floors allocate bar, while exists also unit of First Aids. Functions moreover, modern faculty ski for the learning of beginners but also the preparation of athletes. The facilities remain open and the summertime, giving the occasion to friends of nature to walk in the paths, so that they enjoy the unforgettable beauty of landscape. For information, call: 22370 - 23506, 21112, 22002


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Naxos

Naxos

Naxos is the largest and most fertile island of Cyclades, blessed by the god Dionysus. The island is an impressive site with its rich geography and scenery. Meadows leading to endless blue beaches, green valleys, hills and mountains, vineyards and orchards, medieval towers and castles, wonderful Byzantine monuments scattered amid the olive groves. Chora, the capital of Naxos is a city that has banks, health center, post office, shops and of course hotels that provide excellent services. It is located in the middle of the west coast, around the hill to the medieval castle in the ancient city of Naxos. The monuments in that area as Portara, the archaeological site of Grotta and castle reveals history of the past. Also, at Chora is the archaeological museum of Naxos. Then the road to the area of Trageas, where you will find a basin full of olive and fruit trees. Among the valleys emerge beautiful villages Halki, Acadimi, Chimaros, Kaloxylos, Damalas, Damarionas and Tsikalario. Also, important are the Byzantine church of Panagia Protothroni, of Drosiani Panagia, Agios Georgios, the Venetian tower of Gratsia and the traditional lime distillery in Halki and the restored mill in Damalas. Continuing on the slopes of Za will find the village Filoti with white houses and paved roads, built above the foothills of Za, on two hills. There you will see the Virgin Mary and Filotitissa Tower Barozzi and southeast of the village is the famous Cave of Za.The next village you will find the beautiful Apeiranthos, which keeps almost intact the architectural form, since the Venetian. Impressive are the three small, interesting museums of Apeiranthos (archaeological, geological, folk), the tower of Zevgolis and the exhibition of the craft of the women cooperative. From Apiranthos begins a downhill road that leads to Moutsouna, a seaside village with beautiful beaches. From here begins the new coastal road that goes south and leads to a magnificent beach Psili Ammos and then in the bay of Panormos. In the region have found many traces of prehistoric Cycladic culture. Also, it worths mentioning that the village Melanes is built in the southeastern part of Chora, one of the green valleys of the island. Nearby Flerio position within a grove, is lying on the ground a half-finished Kouros, a work of the 7th century. Then the road passes by Kinidaros, where the summer evenings in the taverns of the village often take place celebrations of musicians and composers. Additionally, the area has marble quarries. Famous beaches of Naxos Agios Prokopios popular tourist resort and Agia Anna. Then follows Plaka beach, where along there are hotels, rooms, restaurants and bars. Other beautiful beaches on the south side of Naxos are Mikri Vigla, Kastraki, Orkos, Aliko, Pirgaki, etc. Finally, the people of Naxos keep alive the customs and traditions of the island, local recipes, festivals, dances.


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