MytileneMytilini got her name by one of Makaros daughters, the island's first colonist. The Municipality of Mytilini consists of the villages Agia Marina, Taxiarhes, Loutra, Panagiouda, Moria, Alyfanta, Afalonas, Pamphila and the city of Mytilini. It is about 188 miles from Piraeus and it has about 25000 inhabitants. Impressive buildings of a neo-classic architecture, historical monuments, unique archaeological treasures, like the mosaic-works found at Menandros House (exhibited now at the Archaeological Museum) and the natural hot springs compose a rich cultural context.
The town's foundations are extended over seven adjoining hills. The centre of the town is divided into three main parts: Kioski, which is a very beautiful suburb, the central old neighbourhoods and the west neighbourhoods. The efforts of the authorities to reconstruct the centre of the town and to adapt the needs of the Municipality of Mytilini to the demands of the new century are remarkable. Kioski, the old aristocratic suburb of Mytilini where we can find the new Archaeological Museum, is not far away from the Enetic Castle. The Castle was situated on the isolated, by the channel of Euripus, part of Mytilini and seemed like a small island. The channel of Euripus, along which there were a lot of bridges, had been uniting, in the past, the south port to the north port dividing, this way, Mytilini in two parts. At Kioski there are still authentic mansions of a traditional Lesbian architecture. The main street that goes through Kioski leads to the north port, where we can see the shattered quay and other ruins of the past. In a small distance from there, there were found ancient ruins and the entrance of the channel that was mentioned above. Important ruins of ancient and roman structures are also discovered in the north part of Mytilini.